Linux For All (LFA) Build 211018 with Gnome 40
is a simple remaster of Ubuntu 21.10, code-named Impish Indri, which was released 211014. It’s a total rebuild. I.e. nothing is left of the old LFA system.
NEWS ABOUT LFA Build 211021 WITH LXQt 0.17.0
I’ve made one extra version of LFA. This time with the LXQt Desktop Environment instead of Gnome 40. This version of LFA is for older non-EFI computers. LXQt is a lightweight Qt desktop environment. It will not get in your way. It will not hang or slow down your system. It is focused on being a classic desktop with a modern look and feel. LFA LXQt works in the same way as the Gnome version – see below. Study the full packages list.
NEWS ABOUT LFA Build 211018
1. All packages the ordinary Linux user can wish for are pre-installed. Study the full packages list.
2. Kernel 5.10.70-exton-amd64-rt53 (with Debian patches) is used. You can of course switch to Ubuntu’s original kernel if you prefer.
3. The Desktop environment is Gnome 40. (Ubuntu’s original DE).
4. The main Web Browser is Firefox. So you can watch Netflix!
5. I have included Refracta tools (Refracta Snapshot) to make it possible for you to create your own installable Ubuntu 21.10 Live DVD once you have installed LFA to hard drive.
6. You can run LFA fast in RAM. Use boot alternative 2 Load to RAM – see below. The LFA ISO file is of only 1300 MB to be compared with Ubuntu’s original ISO of 2900 MB.
7. VirtualBox Guest Additions are pre-installed , which means (among other things) that you can run LFA in VirtualBox in full screen. Watch this screenshot.
When booting up LFA from a DVD or USB stick it will look like this.
Log in to Gnome 40
When the boot process is ready you will end up at GDM3’s login screen. Log in as the ordinary user user with password live. You can’t log in to Gnome as root (super admin) from GDM3. The password for root is root. When logged in as user you can use Sudo to become root. (Commands: sudo su and for example sudo pcmanfm).
Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 20 GB for LFA and a SWAP space double the size of your computer’s RAM. I.e. if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it’s enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program Refracta Installer in LFA is otherwise “intuitive”. Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. You’ll find the installation program under favorites to the left. NOTE: You should format your intended installation partition in advance. You can use GParted (installed in LFA) for that. Be sure to unmount all partitions before you start Refracta Installer. IMPORTANT NOTE: You should not trust Refracta Installer if you want to make an EFI installation. Only if you already have at least on Linux system installed on your computer (and already have one EFI partition). Please read my instruction How To dual boot, triple boot or multi boot Linux with Windows in a simple way and be happy. NOTE2: When installing LFA on a computer with no previous Linux system installed you should use Ubuntu’s installation program Ubiquity, which isn’t pre-installed in LFA. You can, however, install Ubiquity yourself with the command sudo apt install Ubiquity. When running said command it will look like this.
Important about Refracta
You can use the Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed in LFA Build 211018) to create your own installable Ubuntu 21.10 Live DVD once you have installed LFA to hard drive. I mean change everything and then create a whole new Ubuntu live system. When you start Refracta Snapshot it will look like this. You don’t even have to install LFA to hard drive before you can use the Refracta Snapshot. If you have plenty of RAM you can create a new (your own!) Ubuntu live installable system while running LFA from DVD or a USB stick. I did that myself on a computer with 32GB RAM. I then started LFA in RAM before I started Refracta Snapshot. Please note that the whole Refracta Snapshot process (creating your new ISO) only will take 10 – 30 min! You can then install VirtualBox in LFA so you can test run your own created new Ubuntu ISO. Or do it in Windows. Btw: You can do the whole thing in VirtualBox. I mean install LFA in VirtualBox, change everything, create a new Ubuntu system using Refracta Snapshot and transfer your new ISO to your server with FileZilla or Samba. Or just copy your new ISO file to a USB stick. NOTE1: When using Refracta Snapshot while running LFA in VirtualBox the remaster process will take hours. When starting Refracta Snapshot it will look like the screenshot below. NOTE2: VirtualBox Guest Additions are pre-installed , which means (among other things) that you can run LFA in VirtualBox in full screen. Watch this screenshot.
ABOUT WIRELESS configurations
Use NetworkManager to configure your wireless network. It works perfect.
Screenshot 1 – LFA Gnome running in VirtualBox
Screenshot 2 – Running Samba to reach Windows computers
Screenshot 3 – Refracta Installer has started
Screenshot 4 – Running Refracta Installer and installing Grub
Screenshot 5 – Running LFA Gnome from a USB stick after I’ve made some persistent changes
Screenshot 6 – Running Refracta Installer in LFA LXQt
Screenshot 7 – Installing Grub in MBR in LFA LXQt
Screenshot 8 – Running Spotify in LFA LXQt
Screenshot 9 – Running SMPlayer in LFA LXQt
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